Nineveh on the Potomac

Matt Barganier, January 18, 2005

Over at The Guardian, Sidney Blumenthal considers the president’s second inaugural address, recalling a line from the first:

    As Bush draws the sword of righteousness against the forces of darkness, the enemy being evil itself ("evildoers … axis of evil"), he ascends on messianic imagery. "Do you not think an angel rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm?" he said in his first inaugural, quoting a letter written by a Virginian friend to Thomas Jefferson during the American revolution. "This story goes on," said Bush. "And an angel still rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm."

As Blumenthal notes, "That particular verse originates in the book of the prophet Nahum. It contains no ‘angel,’ but the Lord, ‘a jealous and avenging God … full of wrath….’" He goes on to provide some context for that Biblical extract, but alas, not enough. The president could use the tutorial; as a practitioner of refrigerator-magnet Christianity, he probably lacks the vaguest idea what the passage refers to. Refrigerator-magnet Christians (RMCs) – America’s largest denomination – approach the Bible as a compendium of ye olde inspirational nuggets for posting about the home and office. To be sure, fundamentalist RMCs like the prez believe the Bible to be much more than a sacred Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations, but they leave all that big-picture philosophical and historical stuff for accredited theologians and bestselling novelists to process and distribute in bite-sized (and highly politicized) portions. And by "big-picture philosophical and historical stuff," I of course mean Armageddon.

But what of actual Biblical history – y’know, things that have already happened, real historical events alluded to in the Bible? As a Christian Web site summarizes the book of Nahum:

    The subject of this prophecy is the approaching complete and final destruction of Nineveh, the capital of the great and at that time flourishing Assyrian empire. Assur-bani-pal was at the height of his glory. Nineveh was a city of vast extent, and was then the center of the civilization and commerce of the world, a "bloody city all full of lies and robbery" (Nah. 3:1), for it had robbed and plundered all the neighboring nations. It was strongly fortified on every side, bidding defiance to every enemy; yet it was to be utterly destroyed as a punishment for the great wickedness of its inhabitants.

Hmmm. Now where is Nineveh? Why, it’s just outside present-day Mosul. I’m sure many Bush-supporting RMCs would read Nahum (if they read Nahum) as a prophecy re-fulfilled by the fall of Saddam Hussein, but there are a few problems with that. For one, who would say that Hussein’s Iraq at even its peak was a "great and flourishing empire"? "The center of the civilization and commerce of the world"? I think not. Second, Assyrian Nineveh was destroyed by the Babylonians. Hussein fancied himself heir to the Babylonian kings, particularly
Nebuchadnezzar
. Finally, Nineveh is no longer Saddam’s and hasn’t been since it was made part of the northern no-fly zone after the first Gulf War. Thus, even before the "Pottery Barn rule" went into effect, Nineveh was quite literally us.

And I imagine quite a few Iraqis now sympathize with Nahum’s vision for Nineveh:

    Nahum 3
    1 Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and rapine; the prey departeth
    not.
    2 The noise of the whip, and the noise of the rattling of wheels, and prancing
    horses, and bounding chariots,
    3 the horseman mounting, and the flashing sword, and the glittering spear,
    and a multitude of slain, and a great heap of corpses, and there is no end of
    the bodies; they stumble upon their bodies. …
    17 Thy princes are as the locusts, and thy marshals as the swarms of grasshoppers,
    which encamp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun ariseth they flee
    away, and their place is not known where they are….
    19 There is no assuaging of thy hurt: thy wound is grievous: all that hear
    the report of thee clap their hands over thee; for upon whom hath not thy wickedness
    passed continually?

That’s one Bible passage I guarantee you won’t hear on Thursday.




9 Responses to “Nineveh on the Potomac”

  1. I hear all the negative comments about the city of Nineveh and how evil and despicible they were and that God was going to completely and utterly destroy them.
    However if you read Jonah 3:10  And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.
    We can see here in this verse that God was merciful to the 120,000 plus inhabitants of Nineveh because they repented of their evil ways and for this, God spared them.
    I think many people have the “Jonah syndrome” in that they would have loved to see God destroy this great city and they would have rejoiced over it. But because God spared them and forgave them, this made Jonah mad … and it makes people mad today when God shows mercy. We seem to always want to see the hammer drop on people who disobey God but we need to be more like God and show mercy and forgiveness.

  2. God is a merciful and forgiving God. However, Nahum (which is quoted here) was written 100 years after Nineveh was given and accepted the opportunity by God to repent from their evil ways. Having returned to their evil, God destroyed them. It is a terrible thing when men don't accept the loving sacrifice and opportunity of salvation given by the Father. However, at some point, God's vengeance is sure upon those that do not accept or turn away into apostasy.

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