‘You Failed to Break the Spirit of Bradley Manning': An Open Letter to President Obama
As commander in chief, you’ve been responsible for the treatment of the most
high-profile whistleblower in the history of the U.S. armed forces. Under your
command, the United States military tried – and failed – to crush the spirit
of Bradley Manning.
Your failure became evident after the sentencing on Wednesday, when a statement
from Bradley Manning was read aloud to the world. The statement began: "The
decisions that I made in 2010 were made out of a concern for my country and
the world that we live in. Since the tragic events of 9/11, our country has
been at war. We’ve been at war with an enemy that chooses not to meet us on
any traditional battlefield, and due to this fact we’ve had to alter our methods
of combating the risks posed to us and our way of life. I initially agreed with
these methods and chose to volunteer to help defend my country."
From the outset, your administration set out to destroy Bradley Manning. As
his biographer Chase Madar wrote
in The Nation, "Upon his arrest in May 2010, he was locked up in
punitive isolation for two months in Iraq and Kuwait, then nine more months
at the Marine Corps brig in Quantico, Virginia. Prohibited from lying down during
the day or exercising, he was forced to respond every five of his waking minutes
to a guard’s question: ‘Are you OK?’ In his final weeks of isolation, Manning
was deprived of all clothing beyond a tear-proof smock and forced to stand at
attention every night in the nude."
More than nine months after Manning’s arrest, at a news conference you defended
this treatment – which the State Department’s chief spokesman, P.J. Crowley,
had just lambasted as "ridiculous, counterproductive and stupid."
(Crowley swiftly lost his job.) Later, the UN special rapporteur on torture
issued a report on the treatment of Manning: "at a minimum cruel, inhuman
At a fundraiser on April 21, 2011, when asked about Manning, you flatly said:
"He broke the law." His trial would not begin for two more years.
Bradley Manning’s statement after sentencing on Wednesday said: "It
was not until I was in Iraq and reading secret military reports on a daily basis
that I started to question the morality of what we were doing. It was at this
time I realized that (in) our efforts to meet the risk posed to us by the enemy,
we have forgotten our humanity. We consciously elected to devalue human life
both in Iraq and Afghanistan. When we engaged those that we perceived were the
enemy, we sometimes killed innocent civilians. Whenever we killed innocent civilians,
instead of accepting responsibility for our conduct, we elected to hide behind
the veil of national security and classified information in order to avoid any
Public accountability is essential to democracy. We can’t have meaningful "consent
of the governed" without informed consent. We can’t have moral responsibility
without challenging official hypocrisies and atrocities.
Bradley Manning clearly understood that. He didn’t just follow orders or turn
his head at the sight of unconscionable policies of the U.S. government. Finding
himself in a situation where he could shatter the numbed complacency that is
the foundation of war, he cared – and he took action as a whistleblower.
After being sentenced to many years in prison, Manning conveyed to the American
public an acute understanding of our present historic moment: "In our
zeal to kill the enemy, we internally debated the definition of torture. We
held individuals at Guantanamo for years without due process. We inexplicably
turned a blind eye to torture and executions by the Iraqi government. And we
stomached countless other acts in the name of our war on terror.
"Patriotism is often the cry extolled when morally questionable acts
are advocated by those in power. When these cries of patriotism drown out any
logically based dissension, it is usually the American soldier that is given
the order to carry out some ill-conceived mission."
Clearly, Mr. President, you have sought to make an example of Bradley Manning
with categorical condemnation and harsh punishment. You seem not to grasp that
he has indeed become an example – an inspiring example of stellar courage and
idealism, which millions of Americans now want to emulate.
From the White House, we continue to get puffed-up sugar-coated versions of
history, past and present. In sharp contrast, Bradley Manning offers profound
insights in his post-sentencing statement: "Our nation has had similar
dark moments for the virtues of democracy – the Trail of Tears, the Dred Scott
decision, McCarthyism, and the Japanese-American internment camps – to mention
a few. I am confident that many of the actions since 9/11 will one day be viewed
in a similar light. As the late Howard Zinn once said, ‘There is not a flag
large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people.’"
Imagine. After more than three years in prison, undergoing methodical abuse
and then the ordeal of a long military trial followed by the pronouncement of
a 35-year prison sentence, Bradley Manning has emerged with his solid humanistic
voice not only intact, but actually stronger than ever!
He acknowledged, "I understand that my actions violated the law; I
regret if my actions hurt anyone or harmed the United States. It was never my
intent to hurt anyone. I only wanted to help people. When I chose to disclose
classified information, I did so out of a love for my country and a sense of
duty to others."
And then Bradley Manning concluded his statement
by addressing you directly as president of the United States: "If you
deny my request for a pardon, I will serve my time knowing that sometimes you
have to pay a heavy price to live in a free society. I will gladly pay that
price if it means we could have a country that is truly conceived in liberty
and dedicated to the proposition that all women and men are created equal."
You failed to break the spirit of Bradley Manning. And that spirit will continue
Norman Solomon is co-founder of RootsAction.org and founding director of
the Institute for Public Accuracy. His books include War
Made Easy: How Presidents and Pundits Keep Spinning Us to Death.